In today’s fast, highly mechanical, and technologically advanced world, safety is required at every place. May it be for one’s house or the office, while roaming or travelling, or merely while walking or driving, people demand to be safe and secure. The applications of safety measures are very present in vehicles too. Safety Restraint Systems in automobiles have become a norm in almost all developed and developing countries. The organizations dealing with public safety realized the importance of having some safety measures within automobiles in order to keep the occupants safe and secure against any accident that may take place.
Most work with regards to Safety Restraint Systems has taken place in the last 25 years. There has been much improvement in the level of safety that the latest cars provide. The biggest example of a safety restraint system is that of airbags. Apart from that, seatbelts and sensors are also the examples of safety restraint systems. Airbags are meant to keep the occupants safe from any injury in case of an accident. It basically fills up the entire space within the car so that occupants remain exactly where they are and the chances of excessive movement can be eliminated. Airbags do not require any action on part of the car’s occupants; they simply work automatically at automobile collision.
Initially, airbags were not as efficient as they are now. Airbags are present in the steering wheel, in the dashboard, at the corners of passenger seats, and at all those corners that may injure the occupants incase of an accident. One of the aspects of the airbag that makes it highly effective and efficient is its automatic mechanism. The number of airbags per vehicle may range from 6 to 22, depending upon certain factors like seat position sensors,occupant position sensors, weight sensors, seatbelt tensioners and seatbelt tension sensors.
The presence of airbags increases the level of safety the car has. Ever since their invention, airbags have been demanded heavily. The airbag manufacturing industry also has been experiencing growth ever since because of the simple reason that the safety concerns only increase with the passage of time; they hardly have ever decrease. Therefore as long as the automobile industry is manufacturing vehicles, the airbags industry will also keep manufacturing the products to meet the demand.
Safety restraint systems are primarily of two types, the active system and the passive system. Under the passive system, the safety restraint system within the vehicle ‘reacts’ in response to an accident, for example after an automobile collision, it reduces the after effects; whereas under the active system, the safety restraint system ‘prevents’ the accident from taking place. Thus, active safety restraint systems are comparatively more artificially intelligent.
Examples of active safety restraint system are:
Automatic exertion of a mild level of brake in the preceding vehicle when the distance between the two vehicles reduces to a certain extent. This prevents vehicle collision.
The self-controlled steering function that activates when the vehicle turns excessively to either side of the road. This prevents the accident of getting off the road.
The bottom line is safety restraint systems save lives.